Veillonella spp. are nonmotile, gram-negative diplococci. Veillonella is part of the normal flora of the mouth and gastrointestinal tract and may be found in the vagina as well. This bacterium is well known for its lactate fermenting abilities. Although of limited pathogenicity, Veillonella is often mistaken for the more serious gonococcal infection. Veillonella spp. are often regarded as contaminants; they are often associated with oral infections; bite wounds; head, neck, and various soft tissue infections; and they have also been implicated as pathogens in infections of the sinuses, lungs, heart, bone, and CNS.