Brucella is Gram-negative, coccobacilli shaped bacterium. Organisms within the genus have moderate-to-high zoonotic potential from their host species of sheep, goats, cattle, and pigs. Animal brucellosis is a problem worldwide and thus consumers can become exposed through meat (often hunters) or dairy-associated products in regions where the disease is endemic. Brucella ovis is a common cause of epididymitis in rams and more rarely causes abortion in ewes. It is widely distributed in the United States and to a lesser extent in Canada, and more commonly in the western regions. The organism is spread through contact between mucous membranes (vaginal, preputial, conjunctival), both ram to ewe and ram to ram, but not ewe to ewe.