Bovine babesiosis is a tick-borne disease of cattle caused by the protozoan parasites of the genus Babesia (Apicomplexa: Piroplasmorida). The principal species of Babesia that cause Bovine babesiosis are: Babesia bovis, Babesia bigemina, and Babesia divergens. The principal vectors of Babesia bigemina are Rhipicephalus spp. ticks and these are widespread in tropical and subtropical countries. Clinical manifestations of disease associated with Bovine babesiosis are typical of a haemolytic anaemia disease process.